Gender distribution

Online

Number of users, registered members, candidates and elected MPs of the Five Star Movement (M5S) in the 2013 Italian General election active on the Forum of the M5S by gender and number of threads and comments published on the Forum by gender.

Offline

Number of officials elected in Italy in office in 2013 (excluding national parliament) and number of candidates and elected MPs of the M5S in the 2013 Italian General election by gender.

Source: Forum of the Five Star Movement (data collected by the author)

Source: Ministero dell’Interno and Wikipedia (Chamber and Senate)

Gender – when not available – is estimated by comparing the first word of the name to a dictionary built from the categories of Italian male given names and female given names of the Italian-language Wiktionary. When an estimation is not possible because the name is not contained in the dictionary or is ambiguous, the users’ gender is labelled “unknown”.

Visualisation designed by the author from Mike Bostock’s code